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[Emma’s Seemile Easy TOPIK] Lesson01, About the Characteristics of the Korean Language 1-1

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As the first lesson of the [Emma’s Simile Easy TOPIKⅠ], Emma explained the characteristics of the Korean language. This topic consists of two lessons. The second lesson will be uploaded next Monday.

Hello everyone welcome to my class i’m emma from c mile so it’s the first day of our easy topi class what are we going to learn today before tackling strategies for passing the test which we will begin to cover during our next class today we are going to take a brief look at the characteristics of the korean language as mentioned in the introductory video this class

Is not geared toward learning the basics of the korean language but rather about preparing for topic one so explanations about the grammar points involved will not be very detailed but despite that all the necessary points will be covered throughout the series of classes okay then let’s get started in general the korean language uses the following sentence structure

Subject object predicate normally the subject consists of a noun pronoun and numeral with a subject marking particle or subject case marker like ika and the object consists of unknown with an object marking particle where object case marker like unlike english which uses only verbs as the predicate predicates in the korean language can take on three different

Forms verbs adjectives or the combination of a noun and eta in general this is the structure of the korean language but in colloquial language depending on the context the subject object or post-positional marker may be needed or the position of the subject and object can freely be interchanged this is because post positional workers are specific to subjects and

Objects so they are distinguishable between the two allowing for confirmation of the specific sentence component for example while the sentence daughter hey while the sentence has the structure of subject object predicate in daily life it is more natural to say daughter saranghai or saying koreans assume that it’s understood who the subject and object are

Also it is common to omit the post position and say da do it can be made when the context makes it obvious who loves whom that i is the subject and u is the object inversion of the word order quickly occurs as well in the korean language it is common to switch the word order around and say daughter hey still it’s evident by the use of post-positional markers

And ending which will each word plays in the sentence omission and inversion could occur simultaneously in the case of sarang hey daughter since omission and replacement freely occur in the korean language you’ll often need to assess the context of the written text or spoken language to clearly grasp the meaning of the communication there’s an interesting

Saying in korean that didn’t so i’ve been trying to understand the korean sentence you have to listen right to the very end to understand the meaning accurately another characteristic of korean is that it is an agglutinative language or on a fixing language this means that a root is combined with an effects to create a word or is conjugated by a stem combining

With an ending for example the dictionary form of the verb to love in korean is it can be combined with various types of endings to create the various forms of saranghata as in saranghamita you words conjugated in this way have their own meaning and grammatical function like this also present past and future tenses can be expressed by adding an ending that

Indicates tense such as saranghaiyo sarang soyu sarang hai for more information please watch lesson 40 of the female korean for beginners class now let’s move on to the next topic characteristics of vocabulary here let’s take a look at the original languages korean is actually composed of and the characteristics of some of the korean parts of speech the korean

Language consists of three types of vocabulary one consists of native words that are pure korean as in hana tul apodzi omoni another consists of sino-korean words that are made up of chinese characters so to make it clear chinese characters refers to characters in chinese script like this while sino-korean refers to chinese character-based vocabulary used in

The korean language as in honor so the word language in korean is all no which is sino korean word derived from this chinese character before hungry was created kriya did not have its own writing system therefore it borrowed chinese characters to express language in korean for that reason the vocabulary based on chinese characters represents a high percentage of

The korean vocabulary almost 60 percent another type of korean vocabulary consists of borrowed words that originated from abroad and were modified in pronunciation to fit korean fanatics such as taxi in addition there is also a form of vocabulary that was created by combining sino-korean words with native words or borrowed words with native words like foreign a

Little while ago we discussed the fact that the korean language uses phrases with the subject object predicate structure and that the predicate can be comprised of verbs or adjectives unlike in the english language in korean an adjective can serve in the function of a predicate on its own they are conjugated in the same manner as verbs for this reason some korean

Learners of english struggle with the concept of english adjectives and in the same manner korean adjectives pose a challenge to learners from english-speaking countries to illustrate in english to use the adjective pretty as a predicate you need the help of a verb like is as in she is pretty but in korean the corresponding adjective itself can be used as a

Predicate without any help from a verb as in yet for you in both korean and english the reason why some words are categorized as or adjective is the same to describe the state of something but because adjectives have more features in korean grammar than they do in english we at times use the term descriptive verbs to refer to them in order to highlight their

Versatility since the role of the product cat in the korean language is relatively substantial the rules verbs and adjectives they are subsequently just as important so it’s of great help to grasp their usage in the korean language accurately and become familiar with their characteristics for more information please refer to lesson 8 starting from the 1 minute 27

Second mark through to the 3 minute 30 second mark well as i just mentioned korean verbs and adjectives are conjugated in the same manner but there is one category of verbs and adjectives that at times are conjugated a bit differently especially when they combine with an ending that starts with ah as in iowa can you guess what type it is yes the noun plus hada

Type in the korean language verbs and adjectives often take the form of something something harder for example there are verbs like to study to work out to think etc an adjectives like to be clean to be needed to be happy etc the hada verb is used to easily queen new words so even the use of hata added to english words to create novel usages is increasing

Examples include sumatah when haba is combined with english adjectives like smart or verbs like diet the new words created are classified as adjectives and verbs respectively

Transcribed from video
[Emma's Seemile Easy TOPIKⅠ] Lesson01, About the Characteristics of the Korean Language 1-1 By seemile Korean