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How to Take Amlodipine/Norvasc | Amlodipine uses, dosages and side effects

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Amlodipine (Norvasc) is a Calcium Channel Blocker medication used to treat high blood pressure/ hypertension, Angina and Raynaud’s phenomenal. What are the common side effects?

Welcome back my name is lucy i’m a pharmacist  and a nurse. in this video we’ll be going over   a brief overview of medication amlodipine, it’s  uses, dosage, and common side effect. as always,   all information in this video is for informational  purposes only. always seek the advice of your   qualified health care provider

With any question  you have regarding a medical condition. what is   amlodipine? amlodipine is an antihypertensive  that belongs to a group of medicine called   calcium channel blockers it is best known by its  brand name norvasc. depending on which country you   are from, amlodipine comes in tablets and liquid  form, the

Liquid form brand name is katerzia.   amlodipine is used to treat high blood pressure in  adults and children who are six years and greater.   high blood pressure is a silent killer, there’s  no symptoms you feel fine but if left untreated   it can damage your blood vessels and this may  lead to a stroke, heart attack, heart

Failure,   kidney failure, and loss of vision. amlodipine  is also used to treat angina this is pain in your   it is also used to treat raynaud phenomena.   this is when your fingers turn cold, pale, and  numb. this can happen when it’s cold or when you   are under stress. how does it work amlodipine  lowers your

Blood pressure by relaxing your   calcium has to do with your blood pressure,   calcium is an important mineral in your body. it  makes muscle contraction possible. calcium enters   muscles through tiny pores on the cells, it also  enters blood vessels and heart muscles. too much   calcium in your blood vessel can cause

Them to  narrow which restricts the blood flow. which makes   pressure. calcium channel blockers reduce the   amount of calcium entering the blood vessels and  the heart. this leads to dilation of blood vessels   and the heart becomes less restricted which in  turn reduces your blood pressure. amlodipine comes   in 2.5

Milligram, 5 milligrams, and 10 milligram  tablets. the starting dose is 2.5 milligrams   evaluate your response after two to four weeks   and titrate the dose as needed to a maximum of 10  milligram once daily. it does not matter if you   take it with or without food, swallow the tablet  with a full glass of water. if you’re taking

The   liquid formulation katerzia remember to shake the  bottle before use. take it around the same time   when to take it. amlodipine side effect.   peripheral edema, this is the swelling of lower  extremities. it is the most common side effect,   patients, and it is higher in female patients.   it is dose dependent

So the higher the dose the  more likely peripheral edema is going to occur.   ways to reduce the edema side effect is to start  at a low dose of 2.5 milligram and increase   gradually also walking and elevating your feet  will help with edema. headache is another side   occurs in about six percent of the patients. the  

Headache is temporary, so the first few days of  starting amlodipine or dose increase. if headache   lasts longer than a week or it’s severe notify  your health care provider. nausea is another   side effect. it occurs in three percent of the  patients. it can be accompanied by abdominal pain,   patient. fatigue is another common

Side effect   of amlodipine. it occurs in approximately five  percent of the patients. it can be accompanied   by drowsiness and feeling tired during the day,  the drowsiness occurs in about two percent of the   patient. flushing can occur with amlodipine use  due to vasodilation. it occurs in approximately   three

Percent of the patients. it commonly appears  in the neck and face. it is dose dependent so the   higher the dose the more likely flushing will  occur. flushing is temporary and will improve   within a few days of starting amlodipine or dose  increase. if this happens cut down on coffee,   can also sip on cold drink or splash

Your   face with cold water. another side effect is heart  palpitation. this occurs in less than five percent   of the patients. this may feel like your heart is  skipping a beat or racing. this is dose dependent,   so the higher the dose the more likely palpitation  will occur. skin rash and itching can also occur  

With amlodipine use. it occurs in approximately  one to two percent of the patients. another side   effect is muscle weakness and cramping. these  occurs in less than two percent of the patient.   effect that can occur with amlodipine use   specifically erectile dysfunction. this may occur  in approximately one percent of male

Patients.   be aware that erectile dysfunction can also be  associated with heart diseases and cardiac issues   so could go hand in hand with the condition that  amlodipine is treating. amlodipine can cause   hypotension, but amlodipine has gradual onset of  action therefore acute hypotension upon initiation   in some

Patients and affect alertness. if   you have dizziness or drowsiness do not drive  operate machinery until the symptoms subside.   your healthcare provider can adjust your dose to  help with hypotension and dizziness and also make   sure you are staying hydrated because dehydration  can make the dizziness worse. amlodipine

Can also   cause some rare severe side effects. these include  erythema multiforme. this is a severe skin rash   with red raised skin areas. this skin rash appears  all over the body but are more noticeable on   side effect notify your health care provider   immediately. amlodipine can cause heart failure  this is

Because it decreases the force of   output. it can cause acute kidney disease, the   risk is increased with concurrent use with strong  cyp3a4 inhibitors like antibiotic clarithromycin   anti-fungal ketoconazole and anti-viral medication  like ritonavir and darunavir. it can also   edema so if you experience shortness of

Breath   cause rhabdomyolysis the risk of rhabdomyolysis   medications like simvastatin and atorvastatin.   before you start taking amlodipine notify your  healthcare provider if you have any allergic   reaction or hypersensitivity to amlodipine or  any component of the formulation. if the plan is   for you to take

The liquid formulation katerzia,  it contains polysorbate 80 and sodium benzoate.   if you have heart failure since amlodipine  decreases the force of contraction which lead to   decreased cardiac output. patients with reduced  ejection fraction should not use amlodipine.   also notify your health care provider if you have 

Severe liver disease this can lead to accumulation   of amlodipine and hence hypotension. thank you  for watching. contact your healthcare provider   if you’re experiencing any side effects. also, if  you have any specific questions feel free to put   them in the comment section. like the video and  subscribe if you found this information helpful.

Transcribed from video
How to Take Amlodipine/Norvasc | Amlodipine uses, dosages and side effects By Lucy The Pharmacist