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NSAIDs Mnemonic for Nursing Pharmacology (NCLEX)

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Study this NSAIDs NCLEX mnemonic and other mnemonics with Pixorize.

Nsaids which is short for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a class of medications used to treat inflammation and fever in this mnemonic video we’ll teach you an easy way to remember the most important nsaid drug names their clinical uses and side effects so you’ll be ready for the nclex for today’s video we’re headed to the himalayan slopes where a man

Was having a blast riding his sled down the snowy slopes this sled will serve as your memory anchor for the nsns sled for nsaid or the n sled if you will like i mentioned before nsaids stands for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs unfortunately these drugs don’t share a common ending to their drug names so we’ll need to review each drug name individually

As the man was riding a sled down the mountain this ibex rammed right into it after all ibexes are super common in the high himalayan mountains like this one coincidentally an ibex should help you remember the drug name ibuprofen ibex for ibuprofen get it ibuprofen is probably the most common nsaid one that i’m sure you’ve bought over the counter you know as

The trade name advil but some of these next drug names might not be so familiar to you so let’s move on in a failed attempt to dodge the ibex the man has driven his sled right into a base camp for mountain plants looks like one of the mountain climbers isn’t doing so well we’ll talk more about him in a minute but for now notice the napkin tucked into his collar

Looks like he’s getting ready to eat some of this hot soup to feel better by the way this napkin should help you remember naproxen a napkin for naproxen since they both start with nap right again naproxen is a relatively common drug that is often marketed under the trade name leaf got that good let’s keep going next take a look at the kettle the mountain climbers

Were heating up water in a kettle over the fire or at least they were before the sled came crashing through this kettle can help you remember the drug name ketorlak kettle for ketolac easy right ketorlak often called by its trade name toradol is an nz drug that comes in an iv formulation this makes it particularly useful for treating post-surgical pain as this

Nsaid is often a safer alternative to opioids i mentioned we were in the himalayas but where exactly take a look at that sign pointing towards india part of this mountain range runs through india so it makes sense to have a sign and an indian flag to help orient the climbers this sign pointed towards india should help you remember the drug name indomethacin get

It india for indomethacin indomethacin is an nsaid drug generally used in pediatrics context to close a patent for a minnow valley this detail isn’t that important to know for the nclex just remember that endomethacin is an nsaid drug and you’ll be set i mentioned before how the sick man here is getting ready to eat some soup let’s take a closer look at the soup

Specifically at the celery in the soup this celery should help you remember the last unsaid drug name we’ll cover celacoxib celery for celecoxib it’s the celecoxib celery with the drug names out of the way let’s move on to how these drugs are actually used in the clinical setting as the sled came crashing into camp it landed right in the explorer spire and is now

Going up in flames good thing the mountain guide had a fire extinguisher on hand to put out the flames here at pixarize we use a fire extinguisher as our recurring symbol for anti-inflammatory drugs because a fire extinguisher puts out flames just like anti-inflammatories put out inflammation nsaids have potent anti-inflammatory properties i mean they are called

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for a reason we won’t go into too much detail on the mechanism here but in a nutshell nsaids inhibit the cox enzymes which are responsible for synthesizing inflammatory molecules like prostaglandins in the body so by stopping the cox enzymes there isn’t as much inflammation got that this anti-inflammatory effect makes nsaids

Useful in treating inflammatory diseases like arthritis or ulcerative colitis getting hit by an ibex is an extremely painful experience as you can imagine just take a look at the guy’s face wincing in pain this pain should help you remember that nsaids are used to treat pain specifically mild to moderate pain different nsaids will be used in different situations

But in general over-the-counter nsaids are great for treating the everyday aches and pains like headaches menstrual pain muscle cramps and so on you probably already know this so let’s just move on one of the mountain climbers has fallen sick during this climb we’ll talk about why in a moment but he sure is spiking a high fever i mean the thermometer is reading

Super hot this high thermometer can help you remember that nsaids are used to treat fever nsaids have antipyretic properties meaning they lower fevers now that we’ve talked about when nsaids are given let’s move on to some of the side effects and adverse reactions of nsaids when the ibex rammed into the sled its horns caught on the man’s shirt creating a big gaping

Hole right over the belt you know the way this hole in the shirt is right over the stomach reminds me of how nsaids can cause holes in the gut wall known as gastrointestinal ulcers yep the most important side effect of nsaids to know is that they can increase the risk of gi ulcers especially in the stomach and duodenum technically nsaids reduce the protective

Mucosal lining of our gut walls leaving them more susceptible to damage from stomach acid gi ulcers can be prevented by taking nsaids with plenty of food and water taking only the recommended dose and by avoiding alcohol since alcohol can promote ulcer formation keep an eye out for symptoms like nausea abdominal pain or bloody stools because these are potential

Symptoms of gi ulcers not only did the ibex’s horns pierce through his shirt but they also cut the man’s skin so that he’s bleeding this should help you remember that nsaids can cause bleeding we talked earlier about how nsaids inhibit the cox enzymes to lower production of certain inflammatory molecules one of these molecules is the thromboxanes which actually

Play a role in platelet plug formation to stop bleeding after injury so by reducing the formation of these thromboxanes nsaids also reduce the body’s ability to clot leading to an increased risk of bleeding got that not only does our sick friend have a fever but he’s also coughing up a storm the way he is coughing should help you remember that nsaids can cause

Bronchospasm this is really only an issue for patients who have pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma nsaids can exacerbate the asthma so be cautious in giving nsaids to asthmatic patients oh no not the soup the nsaid sled crashed into the fire knocking over the soup that was going to be given to the sick guy the soup has celery like we talked about

Earlier but it was also full of beans that are now spilling out onto the ground here at pixer eyes we use falling beans as our symbol for nephrotoxicity let me explain the beans are shaped just like a kidney and they are falling just like kidney function falls in nephrotoxicity get it use these falling beans to help you remember that nsaids can cause nephrotoxicity

Nsaids reduce blood flow to the kidneys and should be avoided in patients with known kidney disease it’s also a good idea to avoid nsaids if patients are already taking another nephrotoxic medication like lithium the guide was super prepared for the trip not only with a fire extinguisher but he also brought along tons of extra water which they used in the kettle

And to make the soup when you think of all this extra water remember that nsaids cause the body to keep extra water you’ll hear this called fluid retention the fluid retention is usually mild but the patient may notice some peripheral edema as a result it’s worth thinking twice about giving nsaids to patients with heart failure because a little extra fluid retention

Can cause deterioration of their condition last but not least let’s get down to the bottom of what made this hiker so sick turns out he got bit by a tarantula take a look at the bite marks on his arm and the tarantula still sitting right there next to him at pixarize the tarantula is our recurring symbol for teratogenic drugs it’s the teratogenic tarantula nsaids

Should not be given in pregnancy and especially not during the third trimester there are a few reasons for this one being that nsaids can close the ductus arteriosus prematurely in the fetus leading to cyanosis and another being that it increases the bleeding risk during delivery just be aware that acetaminophen is preferred over nsaids for pregnant women alright

That’s all for this mnemonic on the nsaids let’s recap and get back to the slopes nsaids short for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are class of medications that include the drug names ibuprofen naproxen ketolac endomethacin and celacoxib clinically nsaids are used to treat mild to moderate pain reduce inflammation to treat diseases like arthritis as well as

To reduce fevers side effects of nsaids include gi ulcer formation and an increased risk of bleeding nsaids can cause bronchospasm to exacerbate asthma nsaids can cause kidney damage or nephrotoxicity as well as fluid retention and finally nsaids are teratogenic and should be avoided in pregnant women especially during the third trimester and now we’re actually

Done with nsaids remember to sled safely guys i’ll catch you in the next one thanks for watching for more videos like this one subscribe to our channel and check out our newest lessons for more resources on this topic including fact lists and interactive review images click the image next to the more here arrow i’ll see you next time

Transcribed from video
NSAIDs Mnemonic for Nursing Pharmacology (NCLEX) By Pixorize