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Osteoporosis- Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Osteoporosis is a bone disease that affects millions of people. It is responsible for compression fractures in the spine, hip fractures, wrist fractures, fractures in other bones, and chronic pain. This video discusses osteoporosis causes, osteoporosis symptoms, osteoporosis diagnosis, and osteoporosis treatment.

Hi today we’re talking about osteoporosis an adult person skeletal system is composed of numerous networks of other structures that connected 206 bones and 32 teeth together this system forms many vital functions in the body such as giving it form producing new blood cells and helping with different body movements bones in the body are strong and fit however

As people age the bone density decreases this normal phenomenon starts at about the age of 35 but in some cases people develop osteoporosis this is a bone disease where people lose bone density faster than normal just puts them at risk of a fracture because the bones are getting weak and brittle one major part of the skeletal system that is usually affected is

The spine or what it is it’s commonly known the backbone the backbone helps maintain the body’s form and aids in the function of the entire body aside from the spinal column other easily affected areas are the gup and the wrists what causes osteoporosis bones in the body are living tissues that are constantly being broken down and replaced they are also made of

Minerals which are essential in the bone building cycle the bone structures are influenced by different hormones that are regularly released in the body osteoporosis occurs when the minerals and the majority of the bone tissues are lost faster than the creation of new bone this bone disease can affect both men and women from all races and studies however women are

At a higher risk compared to men the two main types of this bone disease per described more specifically below primary osteoporosis this occurs mostly in women after they pass the period of menopause it’s more common in females over the age of 70 compared to younger women secondary osteoporosis this may be caused by medications like corticosteroids malnutrition

Excessive exercise or chronic illnesses like anorexia nervosa secondary osteoporosis affects young and middle-aged people women who exercise too much are at a higher risk because undergoing excessive workout routines may cause irregularities in their menstrual cycle how can someone know if they have osteoporosis it is not common to see noticeable symptoms of the

Bone disease especially during the early stages through time however as the bones continue to weaken they will not be able to fully support the body even a person’s body weight could cause fractures these fractures are usually seen in the wrist spine or the hip still before a bone fractures happen people may experience lower back pain that is caused by a collapse

Berggren individuals can also adapt to stooped posture as the bones weaken and eventually observe a loss in height as the cycle continues to break down bone density there going to be extreme back pain which can make a person hurt even just by standing how do we diagnose osteoporosis as there is no obvious physical symptom of this bone disease doctors have to check

The person’s medical history first there is a possibility for anyone to have a low bone mass even at an early age the doctors will gather the necessary information about recent injuries or fractures before proceeding with the bone mineral density test bone density in the body can be measured by a special machine that uses low levels of x-rays to see the proportion of

Minerals in the bones most of the time the bones located in the hip spine and wrist are checked what is bone mineral density or bmd common x-rays are used to see bone structures and can identify specific structures however they will not be enough in checking for actual bone density hoss a more specialized means of testing is needed to see the valuable percentages

Of bone loss for instance the most usual type is for bmd test is the dual energy x-ray absorptiometry or dexa dexa has low x-ray radiation which lets it detects small amounts of bone loss it is used to measure the bdm of the whole skeleton but mostly is used for spine and bmd the patient has to lie down at a table while the scanner moves over the body undergoing

Such a test will help the doctors assess the risk of getting bone diseases pdm results osteopenia and osteoporosis there is a specified threshold measurement for this bone disease as defined by the world health organization according to the result experts identified for status labels and their corresponding bmd normal bone density has a t score of negative 1 or

Higher the t score is lower than negative 1 and higher than negative 2 point 5 that person has osteopenia then a t score of minus 2 point 5 or lower is a mark for osteoporosis but if the person has the same t score with additional fragility fracture then it is under the severe bone disease range be reminded however that this test will not automatically mean that

An individual will have a fracture there are therapies given by doctors to help slow down the bone loss and prevent fractures ways to treat osteoporosis doctors will recommend having a healthy lifestyle to prevent this disease still other forms of exercises and medications can help and slowing down the chances of bone loss the goal of osteoporosis treatment is to

Help strengthen the bones and protect them from having fractures because there is no cure for this certain bone disease most of the medications will be combined with specific lifestyle changes some prescription drugs will be given to patients such as this phosphonates this is the most common drug which includes various types such as alendronate or fosamax zoledronic

Which is reclassed presiden draenei which is actonel or elvia and a bandra nate or boniva another prescribed medication is in us available or prolia which is a form of antibody that is connected to the protein involved in the process of bone resorption this medication is effective in slowing down bone resorption and aids and maintaining bone density aside from

These medications there are hormone related therapies these forms of defense’s are not commonly used for instance estrogen is only used to maintain bone density if the person’s menopausal symptoms will need treatment this therapy can put women at a higher risk for breast cancer blood clots heart disease and endometrial cancer on the other hand men’s bone diseases

Can be associated with the decrease in their testosterone levels doctors might recommend testosterone replacement therapy to their patients to help increase bone density if other treatments will not work well the doctors might also suggest to repair amide or forte out this is similar to parathyroid hormone it is a powerful drug that stimulates new bone growth and

Is given by ingestion this drug is common for people who suffer in severe cases of this bone disease if you have osteoporosis or our concern that you may be experiencing and fans or early bone loss please contact your doctor early treatment is one of the best ways to improve outcome in these conditions

Transcribed from video
Osteoporosis- Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment By Spine \u0026 Pain Center at Jackson Neurosurgery Clinic