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competitive exam previous questions for pharmacist from moh,dha,haad &prometric examination

Hello friends welcome to a new video from a pd advanced in this video i would like to share some previously asked questions from moh dha heart and prometric examination for pharmacists so let’s see the questions question number one which of the following best describes the common clinical manifestation of hypoparathyroidism option a hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia

B hypercalcemia and hypophosphatemia c hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia d hypoglycemia and hypophosphatemia answer is hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia hypoparathyroidism is a rare endocrine disorder in which parathyroid hormone production is low or absent parathyroid hormone raises the calcium level by releasing calcium from bones and increase the amount of

Calcium absorbed from small intestine as blood calcium rises the phosphate level falls in hypoparathyroidism the calcium level in blood decreases and serum phosphate level increases so here answer is hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia cause number two lyme disease is caused by option a virus b spirochete c fungus d lack of dietary copper answer is spirochete lyme

Disease is an infectious disease caused by borrelia bacterium which is spread by ticks borrelia bugdorferi is a bacterial species of the spirochete class of genus borrelia untreated lyme disease can cause chronic joint inflammation so here answer is spirochete course number three which is a musculonic receptor blocking drug that is administered by inhalation to

Cause bronchodilation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease option a albuterol b diphenhydramine c ipratropium d pancronia answer is ibratropium ipratropium is a muscarinic antagonist which work by relaxing and opening the air passages to lung to make breath easier ipratropium is administered by inhalation for the treatment of chronic obstructive

Pulmonary disease albuterol is also used in treatment of copd which comes under the class of short acting beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist and that also relaxes the airway smooth muscles diphenhydramine is an antihistamine mainly used to treat allergy it can cause mucus thickening pancream is used for skeletal muscle relaxation which is given as injection so

Here answer is apratropia question number four a hospital pharmacy technician adds by syringe 20 ml of a concentrated sterile two percent weight by volume dye solution to a 250 ml commercial bag of sterile normal saline what is the concentration of the dye in the final solution option a 0.15 percent b 0.16 percent c 0.8 percent and d 1.6 answer is 0.15 percent

Question number five a 44 year old obese man has extremely high plasma triglyceride level following treatment with a drug triglyceride level decreases to almost normal which of the following agent is most likely to have caused this desired change option a at rover statin b gem fee brazil c cholesterol i mean d cholesterol answer is gem fibrosil gem fibrosil belongs

To the group of drugs called fibrate it decreases the amount of fat production by liver it increases the plasma high density lipoprotein and decreases plasma triglycerides atherostatin is hmg coil reductase inhibitor which works by slowing production of cholesterol in liver cholesterol and cholesterol are the drugs comes under the class of bile acid sequester

This bile acid sequester binds to the bile acid and reduce their supply that stimulates the liver to produce more bile acid as a result it utilize more cholesterol so cholesterol level decreases but here gem fibrosis is responsible for reduction in triglycerides so answer is gem fibrosis question number six a 55 year old post-menopausal woman develops weakness

Polyurea polydipsia and significant increase of serum creatine concentration a computer tomogram indicates nephrocalcinosis a drug is considered to be the cause which of the following drug is most likely responsible option a vitamin d b estrogen c lipicide the prednisone answer is vitamin d excessive intake of vitamin d leads to toxicity the symptoms include

Weakness nausea vedlos anemia there is also chances of nephrotoxicity in continuous overdose the symptoms includes polyurea polydipsia and nephrocalcinosis so here answer is vitamin d question number seven aspirins deserve and sometimes unwanted effect on blood clotting involves which of the following option a activating antithrombin iii inhibiting thrombin b

Blocking plated receptor for adp c prevent platelet aggregation by inhibiting thromboxane a2 synthesis d stimulating fibrinogen synthesis enhancing thrombolysis answer is prevent platelet aggregation by inhibiting thromboxane a2 synthesis aspirin produce its effect through inhibition of thromboxane a2 production aspirin acts as a acetylating agent where a steel

Group is covalently attached to syringe residue in the active set of cyclooxygenase insane and make it inactive cyclooxygenase is required for synthesis of prostaglandin and thromboxane so here answer is preventing platelet aggregation by inhibiting thromboxane a2 synthesis question number eight a 12 year old boy has been treated with methylphenidate for last

Three years his younger sister find the bottle of pills and consumes enough to cause significant toxicity which of the following findings would you expect option a hypertension tachycardia seizure b hypotension bronchospasm c drowsiness obtained reflex diarrhea d meiosis bradycardia profuse salivation and sweating answer is hypertension tachycardia and seizure

Methylphenidate is a cns stimulant which is used to treat attention deficit disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy in serious overdose toxicity this may cause arrhythmia stroke or excessive high blood pressure overdose also causes convulsion seizure coma blood vision because of norepinephrine release it induce vasoconstriction and

Thereby causes the increase blood pressure and tachycardia it will not cause bronchospasm so here answer is hypertension tachycardia and seizure question number nine maxillatin is more similar in action to which one of the following agent option a amiodrone b tokenate c digoxin d per pamel answer is token8 maxilitin is a sodium channel blocker comes under the

Class of anti-atomic class 1b drug it blocks certain electrical signals in heart to stimulate heart rhythm turkenate is also a sodium channel blocker it shows anti-arythmic action through effect on sodium channels in parkinson fiber amiodarone is a class iii antiarrhythmic which work by blocking potassium rectifier current that are responsible for repolarization

Of heart during phase 3 of cardiac action potential berpamil is a calcium channel blocker so here answer is tokinate which is similar to maxillatin question number 10 a hospital pharmacy needs one quart of an antibacterial solution containing 92 percent volume by volume alcohol how many ml of alcohol usb will be needed option a 458 ml be 870 ml c 916 ml d 920

Ml answer is 916 ml thank you for watching this video if it is useful please like and share this video and subscribe this channel thank you

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